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Fossilized bones are abundant and include the skulls of cave bears and the horned skull of an ibex.Hundreds of animal paintings have been catalogued, depicting at least 13 different species, including some rarely or never found in other ice age paintings.Rather than depicting only the familiar herbivores that predominate in Paleolithic cave art, i.e.
There are a few panels of red ochre hand prints and hand stencils made by blowing pigment over hands pressed against the cave surface.
The art is also exceptional for its time for including "scenes", e.g., animals interacting with each other; a pair of woolly rhinoceroses, for example, are seen butting horns in an apparent contest for territory or mating rights.
The cave contains some of the oldest known cave paintings, based on radiocarbon dating of "black from drawings, from torch marks and from the floors", according to Jean Clottes.
The cave is situated above the previous course of the Ardèche River before the Pont d'Arc opened up.
The gorges of the Ardèche region are the site of numerous caves, many of them having some geological or archaeological importance.